Pathophysiology of pregnancy

When the egg is fertilised by the sperm cells, pregnancy occurs. During a menstrual cycle, the egg inside the ovary is released due to the action of hormones, and the egg moves to the uterus. On the half-way point of the menstrual cycle, the fertilised egg grows into a tiny human embryo in the uterus. Unfertilized eggs are unlikely to remain unaltered and disintegrate. The embryo implants itself in the uterine wall and grows and develops into a foetus over time. The foetus grows into a fully grown baby and emerges into the world after nine months. Hormone shifts occur throughout pregnancy and last during the pregnancy, which is beneficial to the development of a healthy infant. It's also possible that it may cause side effects.


  • Track 1-1 Fertilization
  • Track 2-2 Development of the embryo and foetus
  • Track 3-3 Cognitive development
  • Track 4-4 Growth rate and factors influencing development
  • Track 5-5 Fetal monitoring
  • Track 6-6 Labour pain
  • Track 7-7 Vaginal birth

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