The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Gynecology is a medical specialty that focuses on the treatment of women during pregnancy and childbirth, as well as the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the female reproductive system. It also focuses on other facets of women's health, such as hormone imbalances, menopause, infertility, and contraception. Gynecology and Obstetrics are medical specialties that look at the female reproductive system from two distinct perspectives. Obstetrics focuses on the treatment of the unborn child, pregnant mothers, labour and childbirth, and postpartum recovery. Gynecology is a branch of medicine that deals with all aspects of a woman's reproductive health, from puberty to menopause and beyond.
- Track 1-1Obstetrical analgesia and anaesthesia
- Track 1-2Pregnancy care and delivery
- Track 1-3Basics of breast diseases related to gynecology
- Track 1-4Placenta - Development, Structure, Functions
- Track 1-5Recent advances in medical and surgical management
- Track 1-6Normal pregnancy, labor & puerperium
- Track 1-7Related Associations and societies
The field of medicine known as gynecology oncology deals with cancers of the female reproductive organs. Ovarian cancer, vaginal cancer, uterine cancer, vulvar cancer and cervical cancer are all included. Cancer is a disease in which abnormal cells in the body divide uncontrollably and develop out of control. When cancer is discovered in its early stages, the treatment is successful. Cancer may be gained or passed down over the generations. If it is gained, it may be attributed to environmental conditions as well as smoking and other factors. The papillomavirus is responsible for the majority of cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers. The oncologist plays a critical role in identifying the causes and consequences of cancer as well as providing appropriate treatment for the disease.
- Track 2-1Ovarian cancer
- Track 2-2Vaginal cancer
- Track 2-3Cervical cancer
- Track 2-4Vulvar cancer
- Track 2-5Endometrial cancer
The menstrual cycle refers to the monthly changes that occur in a woman's body as it prepares for the possibility of pregnancy. Estrogen and progesterone hormones regulate the menstrual cycle. Women have two ovaries, each containing a clutch of eggs. Hormones cause the eggs to mature and the uterine lining to thicken and spongy during the menstrual cycle. Hormones cause an ovary to release a mature egg during a menstrual cycle, which is known as ovulation, and the eggs pass through the fallopian tubes to the uterus. When there is a pregnancy, the uterus' thick lining is required; otherwise, the lining breaks down, and blood, nutrients, and other waste products are flushed out through the vaginal canal.
- Track 3-1Menstrual disorders
- Track 3-2Menopause
- Track 3-3Obesity
- Track 3-4Menstrual management
- Track 3-5Induced and suppressed ovulation
Pregnancy is a condition in which a woman's body bears a developing embryo or foetus. A pregnancy can be confirmed using a blood test, urine test, ultrasound, an X-ray or foetal heartbeat detection,. The Perinatology and Pregnancy branch works to improve women's health before, during, and after pregnancy, as well as to minimise preterm births and other birth complications.Ectopic pregnancy
- Track 4-1Chemical pregnancy
- Track 4-2Blighted ovum
- Track 4-3Molar pregnancy
- Track 4-4Stillbirth
- Track 4-5Prenatal care
- Track 4-6Preterm delivery from cervical insufficiency
- Track 4-7Diagnosis and treatment
The lack of a menstrual cycle is the first symptom of a woman being fertile, sexually active, and pregnant. The breasts can become responsive and sore as a result of the hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy. The signs include nausea with or without vomiting, as well as increased urination due to a rise in blood volume. Fatigue is another very common symptom of pregnancy. During pregnancy, the surge of hormones in the body can make you emotional and teary. Mood swings, cramping, constipation, and food aversions are the most common symptoms. Congestion in the nose. It's also linked to preeclampsia and eclampsia, as well as gestational diabetes.
- Track 5-1Hormonal changes
- Track 5-2Breast size changes
- Track 5-3Cardiovascular changes
- Track 5-4Hematology changes
- Track 5-5Metabolic changes
- Track 5-6Renal and lower reproductive tract changes
- Track 5-7Respiratory changes
- Track 5-8Immune tolerance
- Track 5-9Management
- Track 5-10Complications
When the egg is fertilised by the sperm cells, pregnancy occurs. During a menstrual cycle, the egg inside the ovary is released due to the action of hormones, and the egg moves to the uterus. On the half-way point of the menstrual cycle, the fertilised egg grows into a tiny human embryo in the uterus. Unfertilized eggs are unlikely to remain unaltered and disintegrate. The embryo implants itself in the uterine wall and grows and develops into a foetus over time. The foetus grows into a fully grown baby and emerges into the world after nine months. Hormone shifts occur throughout pregnancy and last during the pregnancy, which is beneficial to the development of a healthy infant. It's also possible that it may cause side effects.
- Track 6-1Fertilization
- Track 6-2Development of the embryo and foetus
- Track 6-3Cognitive development
- Track 6-4Growth rate and factors influencing development
- Track 6-5Fetal monitoring
- Track 6-6Labour pain
- Track 6-7Vaginal birth
Family planning is an important consideration for parents when deciding on the number of children to have and the distance between them. Family planning also assists in the prevention of abortion, the reduction of child mortality, the prevention of HIV/AIDS, and the reduction of population. There are many methods for family planning. Combined oral contraceptives (COCs), Progestogen-only pills (POPs), Implants, Intrauterine devices (IUDs), Male sterilisation (vasectomy), Female sterilisation (tubal ligation), and other approaches are some of the choices. To resolve numerous problems such as teenage pregnancy and other causes, uneducated people must be made aware of family planning.
- Track 7-1Contraception
- Track 7-2Modern methods
- Track 7-3Older methods
- Track 7-4Fertility awareness
- Track 7-5Coercive interference with family planning
Examining the breasts is an essential aspect of a gynecologic test. Breast cancer is more prevalent in women, and gynaecologists are more likely to identify it than most doctors. As a result, gynaecologists must be trained in inspecting the breasts, which exposes the nature properties of the breast. Early pregnancy adjustments help to prepare the breast for lactation. Estrogen, progesterone, prolactin, and other hormones stimulate milk development in the breast. The nutrients in the mother's bloodstream are used to produce breast milk. For a child's growth and development, there must be a balance of fat, sugar, water, and protein.
- Track 8-1Breast cancer
- Track 8-2Breast implants
- Track 8-3Breast feeding
- Track 8-4Fibrocystic breast changes
Gynecologic aesthetics is a contemporary branch of gynaecology that involves both corrective and cosmetic procedures. Aesthetic gynaecology is concerned with the female reproductive system's appearance, sensation, and other cosmetic concerns. Changes in a woman's body may occur as a result of time, age, gravity, biology, childbirth, and/or chronic pelvic issues. The bodily changes must be reshaped or reversed. Aesthetics in gynaecology is important. The medical industry has advanced in leaps and bounds thanks to advances in science and technology, and it is now possible to change, correct, and eliminate unwanted elements from the body with much more safety and precision.
- Track 9-1Designer labioplasty
- Track 9-2Designer perineoplasty
- Track 9-3Hoodoplasty
- Track 9-4Labia majora reduction
- Track 9-5Labia majora augmentation
- Track 9-6Hymenoplasty
- Track 9-7Mons liposculpturing
- Track 9-8G- shot
The uterus, ovaries, vagina, and vulva of young females are all treated by paediatric and adolescent gynaecology. A young or adolescent girl's body differs from that of a woman's, which is fully grown and matured. As a result, young and adolescent girls need specialised treatment for gynecologic issues. Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology is where they give care to females from birth to the age of sixteen. Amenorrhea, Recurrent vaginal discharge, Congenital anomalies of the reproductive tract, Severe or irregular menstrual bleeding, Hirsutism, Labial agglutination, Ovarian cysts, Vaginal infections, and Vulvar disorders are several of the conditions they treat.
- Track 10-1Early or delayed puberty
- Track 10-2Endometriosis
- Track 10-3Pregnancy prevention
- Track 10-4Reconstructive management of uterine or vaginal abnormalities
- Track 10-5Adolescent contraception
- Track 10-6Womenâ€™s health
Reproductive medicine is an area of medicine that focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of reproductive issues. In all living systems, reproduction is a vital biological process that gives rise to the next generation and is essential for species survival. Puberty, menopause, and abortion are all topics that reproductive medicine tackles and various sexual problems. It also concerns ovulation induction, infertility analysis, and identifying the cause of recurrent pregnancy loss, as well as assisted reproductive technologies like embryo transfer and in vitro fertilisation.
- Track 11-1Maternal- fetal medicine
- Track 11-2Regenerative medicine and their application
- Track 11-3Biomarkers in reproductive medicine
- Track 11-4Reproductive cloning
- Track 11-5Hysteroscopy prior to assisted reproductive technique
Female and male reproductive endocrinology is concerned with endocrine disorders affecting the reproductive system. Infertility has become more common among women under the age of 35 in recent years. As a result, an endocrinologist is responsible for diagnosing and treating a variety of endocrine disorders, as well as infertility. The best path to pregnancy is ensured by an OB/GYN or medical endocrinologist. PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome) is one of the causes that can affect fertility, and it has been related to blood sugar issues. Various fertility tests and procedures are also performed by reproductive endocrinologists, including intrauterine insemination (IUI), also known as artificial insemination.
- Track 12-1Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
- Track 12-2Hyperprolactinemia
- Track 12-3Ovulation disorders
- Track 12-4Uterine fibroids
- Track 12-5Endometriosis
- Track 12-6Turner syndrome
- Track 12-7Rett syndrome
Miscarriage, also known as accidental abortion or loss of pregnancy, happens when an embryo or foetus dies naturally. Spontaneous abortion occurs when a foetus dies or the results of conception pass into the uterus before the 20th week of pregnancy. Vaginal bleeding without cervical dilation that occurs during pregnancy indicates that spontaneous abortions may occur in a woman is known as threatened abortion. Medical criteria and ultrasonography are used to make the diagnosis. To stop abortion, safe sexual encounters should be had. Vaginal bleeding without cervical dilation leads to spontaneous abortions, which is known as threatened abortion. To stop abortion, treatment and safety measures should be taken.
- Track 13-1Chromosomal abnormalities
- Track 13-2Influence of RH factor
- Track 13-3Diagnosis and treatment
- Track 13-4Other factors
Reproductive genetics is a field of science dealing with the genetic aspects of the reproductive process, both normal and aided. It now encompasses the study of genetic and epigenetic alterations to the genome, as well as their effect on reproduction. Infertility, abortion, miscarriage, malformation, and cancer are all related to genetic factors. Owing to an increase in the prevalence of reproductive disorders, reproductive genetics is becoming increasingly important in today's reproductive practice. Covalent modifications of DNA and core histones that control gene activity without modifying DNA sequences are referred to as epigenetics. Rare imprinting conditions, molar births, and childhood cancers are among the human disorders related to epigenetic abnormalities. Early embryonic development and germ cell development are critical periods when epigenetic trends are formed or preserved.
- Track 14-1Molar pregnancies
- Track 14-2childhood cancers
- Track 14-3Germ cell development
- Track 14-4Early embryo development
- Track 14-5DNA sequencing
One of the experimental procedures used to cure infertility is assisted reproductive technology. In-vitro fertilisation and gamete intrafallopian transfer are examples of techniques used to make a woman pregnant rather than sexual intercourse or artificial insemination. There are many methods of assisted reproductive technology, including intracytoplasmic sperm injection, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, and intracytoplasmic sperm injection, In-vitro fertilization, Intrauterine insemination, Luteinising hormone etc. This technology is critical in the treatment of infertility in couples and women who are unable to bear a pregnancy or give birth without assistance, as well as in reducing the risk of a child inheriting a genetic disorder or abnormality.
- Track 15-1Ovulation Induction (OI)
- Track 15-2Artificial Insemination (AI)
- Track 15-3Donor Conception
- Track 15-4In-vitro Fertilisation (IVF)
- Track 15-5Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT)
- Track 15-6Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
- Track 15-7Surrogacy
- Track 15-8Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
- Track 15-9Cervix and vulvar infections
A gynaecological disorder is a condition that affects both internal and external female reproductive organs, such as the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, and vulva, as well as the breast. Vulvodynia, Vaginitis, Pelvic Floor Conditions, and Pelvic Pain are some of the disorders. Some issues may interfere with the normal functioning of the female reproductive system, resulting in infertility. As a result, the conditions must be correctly diagnosed and treated.
- Track 16-1Gestational diabetes
- Track 16-2Yeast infection
- Track 16-3Preeclampsia and Eclampsia
- Track 16-4Vaginal and pelvic disorders
- Track 16-5Ovarian disorders
- Track 16-6Birth defects
- Track 16-7Diagnosis and treatment
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are distributed by sexual activity. HIV, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, genital herpes, trichomoniasis, and other diseases are included. STDs are serious diseases that need intensive care. Certain diseases, such as HIV, are incurable and can be fatal. Breastfeeding, the use of unsterilized needles, blood transfusions, and other activities can all spread STD from mother to infant. Various studies have been conducted in order to properly diagnose and treat STDs.
- Track 17-1Chlamydia
- Track 17-2Genital herpes
- Track 17-3Gonorrhea
- Track 17-4Hepatitis B
- Track 17-5HIV/AIDS
- Track 17-6Syphilis
- Track 17-7Trichomoniasis
- Track 17-8Diagnosis and treatment
The quality of gynaecology treatment has progressed to the next level as a result of major developments in science and technology. Telemedicine can be used to treat obstetric patients with high blood pressure who do not need to be admitted to the hospital. The instruments invented for movement detection that can be mounted on patients to assess maternal health are “ANGLEeYe” Camera Systems LLC and AirToco LLC. Bluetooth pregnancy test, 3D printing shows promise in making prosthetic ovary are only a few of the most recent advancements. Premature birth risk can be detected using a smartphone app', Hepatitis C has been eradicated with the discovery of a new medication. In 15 minutes, a smartphone app could diagnose HIV, and so on.
- Track 18-1Imaging technology
- Track 18-2Endoscopic equipment
- Track 18-3Drug treatment
- Track 18-4Laparoscopic and hysteroscopic surgery
- Track 18-5Ultrasonography
- Track 18-6Minimally invasive gynaecology surgery
- Track 18-7Drug - resistant infection
Women's health has become a significant concern in recent years, as it has an effect on family health. Men and women face the same health problems, but women's health needs further focus. Breast cancer, teen pregnancy, illegal abortion, and STDs are among the many dangers that women face. So, in order to achieve health equality in one's life, it is imperative that every woman be well-versed in knowledge pertaining not only to her reproductive health but also to all aspects of her body.
- Track 19-1Improving the health of women
- Track 19-2Preventing the diseases
- Track 19-3Diagnosing and treatment of diseases
- Track 19-4Malnutrition and Morbidity
- Track 19-5Healthcare Management
- Track 19-6Medicinal Healthcare
- Track 19-7Sexual rights
- Track 19-8Reproductive rights
- Track 19-9Reproductive health
The amount of time between pregnancies may have an impact on the likelihood of complications. Both short and long interpregnancy periods (IPI) have been linked to poor pregnancy outcomes, but short intervals have been linked to the majority of negative effects. Since women have some influence over the spacing of their pregnancies, finding out whether the IPI is a significant independent biological risk factor for adverse pregnancy events is essential. Short periods may be avoided with postpartum contraception, but long intervals are more difficult to avoid since a desired pregnancy can be prevented by factors such as infertility, partner availability, economic or occupational problems, or sickness.
- Track 20-1Pregnancy and new born
- Track 20-2Complications associated with IPI
- Track 20-3Low birth weight
- Track 20-4Neonatal morbidity