Menopause, PCOD and Climacteric Period

Menopause is not a disease or condition, but rather a natural process. Menopause begins 12 months after a woman's last menstrual period. Menopause, also known as perimenopause, occurs in the years preceding menopause, during which women may suffer changes in their monthly cycles, hot flashes, or other symptoms. The menopausal transition usually begins between the ages of 45 and 55. It usually lasts seven years, although it can last up to fourteen.

PCOD (Polycystic Ovarian Disease) is a hormonal illness that affects 5% to 10% of fertile women (12 to 45-years). Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) affects a woman's hormone levels. Women with PCOS produce more masculine hormones than they should. Because of this hormonal imbalance, they miss menstrual periods, making it harder for them to conceive. PCOS is characterised by hair growth on the face and body, as well as baldness.

Climacteric refers to the stage of life that begins with a fall in ovarian activity and ends with ovarian function loss. The word encompasses peri-menopause, menopause, and post-menopause. Climacteric is a natural change in life that can result in a range of health issues, including menopausal symptoms, osteoporosis, coronary heart disease, and Alzheimer's disease.

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